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Deodoro da Fonseca August 5 | Wiki | Biography | Marshal Fonseca

Deodoro da Fonseca August 5 | Wiki | Biography | Marshal Fonseca:

Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca was born on 5th of August 1827. Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca was a first Brazilian President.  Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca was a well-known politician, military officer and statesman who later became as a first President of Brazil.

In 1989 Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca was a head officer of a military coup and that time he disestablishes the empire of Emperor Pedro II and claims for the Republic. Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca remains president for 2 years.

In 1991 Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca resigned from presidents office, because of great political pressure and after this Floriano Peixoto becomes president of Brazil.

Deodoro da Fonseca August 5 | Wiki | Biography | Marshal Fonseca
Deodoro da Fonseca August 5 | Wiki | Biography | Marshal Fonseca


Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca was born in a large military family in Vila Madalena, Alagoas, Northeast BrazilManuel Deodoro da Fonseca was the third child of that family. 

Manuel Mendes da Fonseca Galvão is the father of Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca and his mother name was Rosa Maria Paulina de Barros Cavalcanti.

The town where Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca was born is changed to his name. Today that town name is  Marechal Deodoro.

Military Carrer:

First of all, Manuel Devadoro da Fonseca joined as a military person. His personal courage, military ability, and mentally personal style made him national figure.. In Paraguayan War (1864–1870), Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca attains the rank of captain. In 1884, he was promoted to the post of Field Marshal, and later he got the position of full marshal.

Political Carrer:

As governor of Rio Grande do Sul, Fonseca was paid by the intellectuals of the Republic of Benjamin Constant and Rui Barbosa in the cafe society of São Paulo. In 1886, Fonseca was warned that the imperial government was going to give order for the arrest of some prominent Republicans. After this news, Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca went to Rio de Janeiro and took the charge of the Army, which was responsible for the abolition of slavery.

Emperor Pedro II had advocated the abolition of slavery for decades, liberated his slaves in 1840, but he believed that slavery must be gradually eliminated so that the Brazilian economy is not harmed. Emperor Pedro II was away from the country and he gave charge to his daughter Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, that time Isabel has completely abolished slavery during her third regency. 

The oppressed elite played a role in the later Coup d'Etat. Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca's reputation placed him on the head of the military coupe, which was released on November 15, 1889, and he was briefly the head of the temporary government, to draft a new constitution for the United States of Brazil. The Constitution was called the Congress. Soon, he was in a confrontation with the leaders of the civil republic. On 25 February 1891, with a narrow plurality, his election as president was supported by the military pressure on Congress.

On 23 August 1892, Deodoro da Fonseca died in Rio de Janeiro.


1st President of Brazil

In office: 
15 November 1889 – 23 November 1891

Vice President: None (1889–1891)
                             Floriano Peixoto (1891)

Preceded by: Position established

Succeeded by:  Floriano Peixoto

Preceded by: Baron of Lucena

Succeeded by: Marquess of Abrantes

Personal details:

Born:      5 August 1827
Vila de Santa Maria Madalena da Lagoa do Sul 
               (now Marechal Deodoro), Alagoas, Empire of Brazil

Died:    23 August 1892 (aged 65)
            Barra Mansa, Rio de Janeiro, 

Nationality: Brazilian

Political party: Independent

Spouse(s): Mariana da Fonseca

Awards: Order of the Southern Cross

Allegiance: Empire of Brazil, 

Service/branch: Brazilian Army

Years of service: 1843–1892

Rank: Field Marshal

Battles/wars: Paraguayan War

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